Things to Remember when Dealing with International Tax

International Tax

International TaxMultinational companies and large scale investors see opportunities not just in their base countries, but also in the world market. After all, all corners of the globe patronize a particularly exceptional product or service. However, before pushing for global expansion, the company should know the inner workings of international tax and how to deal with it.

Knowing the Tax Scope and Infrastructure

Income is typically taxed by the nation that governs a company’s base of operations. However, in the case of extraterritorial income, the lines between local and international tax vary. Governments often set limitations if the scopes coincide with the tax laws of other countries, which eases financial burden from capitalists and multinational firms.

Knowing the tax scope and framework for other countries, particularly those deemed bases for future investments, early on can spare companies a ton of headaches and filing the incorrect amount. Apart from the scope, certain provisions are provided by all home countries in regard to taxation.

Hiring Personnel with Sufficient Knowledge on International Tax

Accuracy and timeliness of payments are necessitated by most countries when it comes to taxation. The thing is, a company might be updated with local tax laws, but the risk of not being updated with the latest amendments in the laws of other countries is present. US tax requirements are also stringent and ever-expanding. Compliance eventually becomes a problem.

In this case, the finance departments of multinational companies have to dedicate personnel to acquiring knowledge on the newest kinks in Salt Lake city and international tax laws and incorporating them in the company’s cash flow.

Expert Consulting

To cut down on costs and get results at the shortest time possible, big companies often rely on firms that offer tax consultations, with prior focus on tax compliance, international tax, tax preparation, and tax planning.

Given that understanding and hurdling taxes are quite challenging, Salt Lake City is brimming with expert consultants that are more than happy to help your company not just become tax compliant, but also prepared for global expansion. These people can even help your company gain a progressive increase in profits in both local and international markets.

When it Hurts to be a Child: The Effects of Child Pornography on Victims

ChildEnough is Enough, a non-profit organization advocating efforts to make the Internet safer for children and families, notes that child pornography has become a major industry that generate $3 billion annually. Furthermore, the organization stresses that the fastest growing demand in commercial websites for child abuse is for images that depict the worst types of abuse.

Authorities and other non-profits focus on the legal dimensions of the abuse. Criminal and family attorneys, however, say that it is also equally important to understand what the victims have gone through.

Discussed below are the effects of child pornography on the victims:

Immediate Effects on the Victims

The immediate effects of child pornography on victims manifest on the victim’s body. They may suffer from physical injuries and internal bleeding. Somatic effects include stomachaches and headaches. Worst, victims have greater odds of having contracting sexually transmitted diseases.

Emotional effects progress once the victim realizes the gravity of the abuse. Initially, they may withdraw themselves from their social circles. They may also feel shame and confusion.

Lasting Impact

If the emotional effects are not addressed as soon as possible, they may progress into more serious and lasting repercussions. The child may experience extreme depression, PTSD, and anxiety. The abuse also holds back the victim from establishing healthy and loving relationships.

The victim may also be drawn to destructive behaviors, such as promiscuity and substance abuse. They may also harbor suicidal thoughts due to constant humiliation, which is caused by the inability to stop the images from further distribution. These images may also affect other aspects of the victim’s life, such as friendships and professional endeavors.

The child is already harmed and damaged in the production of the pornography. The amount of damage doubles up once the material is published and distributed, which makes the abuse a vicious and unbreakable cycle. As a responsible citizen, it is important to shun these materials and bring anyone involved to justice.

Medical Negligence: When Your Injuries Speak for Itself


MedicalMedical blunders are costing the UK’s National Health Service billions.

More than £1.1bn has been shelled out by just 20 NHS trusts in the past five years to pay for legal costs and compensation in medical negligence cases, this based on a report by The Telegraph. In total, NHS trusts have spent at least £4.5 billion for medical blunders in the past five years.

Clinical negligence is a growing concern not only for medical professionals, but patients as well. The law recognises that proving medical negligence is difficult, but the legal doctrine of “res ipsa loquitur” may make it easier for some plaintiffs.

When the Evidence Speaks for Itself

Res ipsa loquitur” is a Latin phrase meaning “the thing speaks for itself”. In terms of medical negligence, the doctrine can be used in cases where the medical professional’s treatment was way below the standard of care that negligence is assumed.

In simpler terms, it means that as a plaintiff, you can use circumstantial evidence to infer negligence. You would not have been injured had it not been for the medical professional’s negligence — the injuries speak for itself.

Invoking Res Ipsa Loquitur

Medical professionals owe patients a duty of care. Cardiff-based law firm explains that medical negligence claims have two important elements: breach of duty and causation. To invoke this doctrine in medical malpractice cases, a plaintiff needs to prove both. More specifically, a plaintiff needs to show that:

  • Evidence regarding the actual negligence and cause of injury are not obtainable
  • The medical professional has superior knowledge or means to obtain said evidence
  • The injury or harm does not occur normally without a doctor’s negligence
  • They (the plaintiff) were not responsible for the harm or injury
  • The medical professional (defendant) had exclusive control over all equipment, conduct, or instruments that caused the injury
  • The defendant was responsible for the plaintiff’s welfare at the time of the injury

If the plaintiff successfully invokes the doctrine — that is, they have established the above mentioned elements — there’s a better chance that they can establish liability under “res ipsa loquitur”.

In English tort law, “res ipsa loquitur” is a strong inference that favours the plaintiffs. While the doctrine may shift the burden of proof from the plaintiff to the defendant, it does not fully reverse it. This is why a consultation with an attorney is still the best approach to determine if you have a strong medical negligence claim.

Cybercrime is On the Rise: Dealing with Hackers


CybercrimeAdvances in information technology changed the lives of countless people. On the other hand, these allow some people to conduct criminal acts in the digital platform, thus causing losses of different types and levels. The dangers these pose to security override their benefits as a result.

The rise of cybercrime

Cybercrime is more of a norm nowadays. In fact, the “Norton Cybercrime Report: The Human Impact” revealed that around two-thirds of global Internet users and about three-quarters of Web surfers in the US were victims of online crime. In addition, criminals stole around 6.4M LinkedIn user passwords and hacked about 250,000 Twitter accounts.

Given the prevalence and potential damages of cybercrimes, and criminal defense lawyers in Houston cite some ways to address this problem:

Prevention is necessary

Cybercrime is usually hard to track and prove once it happens. That is why people should try to avoid becoming victims by taking preventive measures.

There should be different passwords for every account to keep online credentials safe. Wireless connections should be secure with a strong password as well. Furthermore, users should not disclose their bank accounts, credit card and other personal information online.

Investing in anti-hacking software will also help address cybercrime. Anti-malware, spyware or virus programs for browsers and computers should always be active, maintained and up-to-date to avoid hacks. People should also look for e-mail providers with filters in e-mail to prevent spam mail hacking.

Cooperation with the authorities

The lack of cooperation among the victims further contributes to the cybercrime problem. Norton’s report further revealed that while a quarter of respondents expected to become victims of online crimes, only half said they would change their behavior if they became a victim. In addition, only 44% of the victims reported the crime to the police.

Researchers strongly emphasize the importance of reporting the matter to the authorities. They also encourage victims to be attentive to details of the crime to help the police and lawyers solve the problem.

Cyber criminals may cause costly consequences if people tolerate them. Due diligence is necessary on your part, whether you are a victim of online crime or not.

Divorce and Frozen Embryos: Who Gets the Future Kids?


DivorceSome couples dream of kids in the future but lack the biological means. To compensate, they resort to frozen embryos and wait for the right time.

But if a divorce occurs, who gets to decide when the right time should be?

The complications in in-vitro fertilization in divorce proceedings

While in-vitro fertilization poses numerous benefits for family planning, it complicates the process of divorce. The procedure sheds light on the issue of whether a partner’s right to reproduce outweighs the other’s right to privacy. Personal entitlement becomes an issue during the proceedings.

Such rise in technology continues to expose gaps in family laws. Until the American legislature comes up with sturdy laws regarding the issue, the courts will continue to struggle with custody and frozen embryos.

Positions on the legal status of frozen embryos

The law continues to consider each party’s circumstance regarding the case but no law remains consistent. For, lawyers experienced in child custody, the issues remain inconsistent in the characterization of the embryos.

To achieve partial unity, courts adopt three positions on a frozen embryo’s legal status:

• Some courts grant embryos all the legal rights of humans because they are biologically alive. They believe these embryos possess the potential to be born, which also emphasizes the intent to protect human life.

• For others, the embryos serve as property similar to human tissue.

• To reconcile both arguments, the third position considers embryos as beings that require status and respect — not human life but more than property.

Caution in dealing with assisted reproductive technology

There remains no legal consensus on the issue. Until one emerges, couples cannot have reasonable expectations on custody rights, especially with frozen embryos. Legal uncertainty regarding the issue should convince couples to consider the risks related with in-vitro fertilization.

It is important to consult an experienced child custody attorney to discuss rights. Knowing one’s responsibilities concerning embryo custody can shed light on such a complicated issue.

Until there is a firm law regarding the custody of frozen embryos, couples should consider their options carefully. Either they promise to remain in the marriage, or find less legally complicated means to fulfill their dreams of children.

Tenant Eviction: What Every Landlord Should Know

house keys

house keysEviction is a necessary evil in the rental property business. Regardless of how meticulously you conducted the tenant screening process, you will likely encounter a bad, irresponsible tenant or someone who will struggle to pay rent.

And because this is business, you have no other choice but to evict them. When it comes to these, you have to make sure that you go through it, according to Colorado law. Ask your local Denver real estate attorney and they will likely suggest reading up on formal legal proceedings to avoid costly mistakes.

Failure to Pay Rent

You can evict a tenant if they are unable to pay rent, but you have to prepare and give them a written, signed notice before proceeding with eviction. The notice must inform tenants about the option to pay rent within three days. Make sure to include the address and description of the property in the “Three Pay Day” or “Notice to Cure”.

If the tenant fails to pay rent within the mentioned period, you may go forward with the case. Some residents still refuse to settle their accounts and may negotiate a resolution with you. For these situations, it’s best to contact an attorney to know how you can best handle these disputes.

The Case of Lease Violation

You may prepare a three-day “demand for compliance” notice if your tenant has violated a condition of the lease. This document must outline the lease terms tenants have allegedly violated.

Eviction will not be necessary, however, if the tenant was able to deal with the problem within the period. But tenants who have breached the same condition more than once will have to vacate the place; you have to give them a “Notice to Quit or Vacate”.

Matter of Criminal Activities

Landlords may pursue an eviction case if they are able to prove that the tenants engage in criminal activities or conduct behaviors that put other residents in danger. Violence or drug-related felony are grounds for eviction.

In these cases where the tenant commits “substantial violation”, you also have to prepare “Notice to Quit” for tenants. This should have the specific time of and grounds for lease termination.

Know the law and conduct the eviction process legally. Consult an attorney if ever you find yourself in a conflict with tenants to ensure that your strategies for resolution are legal.